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Laser Cataract

Robotic bladeless Cataract surgeries during winters

By: Dr Mahipal S Sachdev

Cataract is the most common cause of decreased vision, especially among the geriatric population. About half the population by the age of 60 has cataract while around 80% of the people develop it in at least one eye by the age of 70 years and thus suffer from blurred vision.

Cataract is the clouding of the natural lens of the eyes that leads to blurred or impaired vision. This clouding of the natural lens of the eye is because of clumping of protein present in the eye lens as you age initially leading to blurred vision, fading of colors and eventually causing permanent blindness. Although it is possible to lower your risk of developing cataracts, it is not entirely preventable and once cataract has set in, surgery is the only treatment option.

As we all know that cataract happens naturally and there is no need to get panicked about it if one is diagnosed, as most of the patient s get alarmed. With increasing in age the possibilities of developing cataract also gets stronger. While many fear the notion that during sore temperatures the cataract surgeries take longer to heal and is painful during the winters. But doctors suggest that winters are the best time to get the surgery done as the season helps in quicker recovery.

Cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgery among surgeries performed on any part of the human body, even more frequent than heart surgery. With vision becoming increasingly blurred as cataract progresses, it can take a toll on your life by hindering simple day-to-day activities like going for walks, reading, knitting etc. With improved vision after cataract surgery, you can now live a better-quality life with clear vision and doing activities that you love.

How cataract affects the vision?

The eye lens is made up of protein and water. During cataract, protein reduces the sharpness of the vision and reduces the amount of light that reaches the retina. In a severe form, it can blur the vision as most of the cataract problems occur due to protein clumps. The lens slowly changes color and you may get a brownish shade vision.

It becomes more difficult for you to read and perform other tasks in your day to day life. The lens gets discoloured and you find it difficult to identify things. Once you have this kind of problem, you should immediately consult an eye doctor.

Symptoms of cataract:

It tends to appear in people of the older age group and the colour of lens of the eye gradually becomes cloudy. Some of the other symptoms of the cataract are:

· Vision is affected by small spots and dots

· Some small patches appear in the blur part of the vision

· Vision becomes worse and people get glare vision

· Double vision or multiple visions in one eye

· Struggle with glasses and contact lenses

· Causes pain and inflammation

Blade free Laser surgery – For Quicker recovery

It is a better option to cure cataract and improve vision. Surgery is an effective treatment to cure the contract. It involves removing the lens and installing an artificial lens. Surgery is right option as it provides you with long-term benefits. The professional will suggest you solutions according to your body condition and history and then suggest options to remove the cataract. The surgery is performed on each eye at different times. After the surgery you should regularly use eye drops to keep your eyes safe and away from any kind of infections.

The latest technology in the field of cataract removal is Femtosecond Laser technology or Robotic Blade free laser cataract surgery, which is a leap ahead of the traditional Phacoemulsification cataract surgery (a manual technique, where the surgeon makes cuts in the cornea using a handheld blade). With the use of a femtosecond laser, each aspect of this procedure is now automated and monitored by the computer leading to safer, quicker surgery and accurate results each time.

In contrast to conventional cataract surgery, the innovative Femtosecond Laser technology allows for the creation of corneal incisions with computer-guided Laser controlled precision. The laser also fragments the cataract into tiny pieces which can then be safely removed by the surgeon. The critical high-resolution eye image mapping and measurements that are used to plan and perform the Femtosecond laser cataract surgery to exact specifications are not attainable with traditional surgery. With the use of femtosecond laser, each aspect of this advanced Blade free cataract surgery is automatically programmed and monitored by the computer. Earlier co-existing astigmatism required the patient to wear spectacles even after surgery but now with Femtosecond cataract surgery; the astigmatism (up to 2 dioptres) is also treatable hence doing away with the hassle of spectacles post-cataract surgery.

While cataract surgeons are doing a good job now, femtosecond laser technology introduces the ability for even the best cataract surgeons to be more consistent. It has the potential to, in the simplest of terms; help automate many of the crucial steps of cataract surgery resulting in a quicker and safer operation and improved surgical outcome for the patient every single time. There are approximately 100 Femtosecond laser cataract surgery machine installations in India. In the last year, about 24,000 femtosecond cataract surgeries were performed in India.

The author is a Chairman & Medical Director, Centre for Sight Group of Hospitals. He ca be mailed at rkraisamp@gmail.com

The post Robotic bladeless Cataract surgeries during winters appeared first on Daily Good Morning Kashmir.

   

Malnutrition in India

Malnutrition – Improving survival and well-being

By: Shirish Khare

In Maharashtra, the administration has been claiming that there is a steady decline in the number of malnutrition and child deaths in the state. But, in recent figures that have come out, questions are being raised on the claims of the administration.

In the last 17 months, from January 2021 to May 2022, over 22,751 children in the age group of up to five years have died in the state according to a reply received to a Right to Information Act query by ‘Samarthan’, an organization working on children’s rights and health issues. Of these, 19, 673 were cases where the infant was stillborn.

As per the reply, Mumbai recorded the maximum deaths at 1,898, followed by 1,741 in Nagpur, 1,349 in Aurangabad, 1,127 in Nashik, 1,181 in Pune, 1,049 in Akola, 1,026 in Nandurbar and 1,015 in Thane.

COVID Response Watch LogoSindhudurg district of Konkan region adjoining Goa has recorded the least number of deaths of 64 children. Similarly, in Washim district of Marathwada region, 89 children have died and 125 children have died in Latur district. Significantly, the more developed districts of the state account for 43 percent of the total child deaths in the state.

“The death of such a large number of children in a developed state like Maharashtra is worrying” says health activist Sudesh Patil.

Currently, there are over 12 state and central schemes being implemented to improve health conditions as well as reduce malnutrition and child mortality in Maharashtra. However, the increasing number of child deaths underlines the fact that these schemes are not having the positive and expected impact.

There are various causes of child mortality, but the factor of malnutrition is considered to be the most important at its root, hence there have been calls to form a special task force on this issue from Samarthan. According to the organisation the task force should include subject experts and representatives of social organizations. At the same time, Samarthan has also expressed the need to study the pattern of malnutrition in rural and urban areas.

The spike in stillbirths recorded in the last 17 months is believed to be due to the Covid pandemic. A recent study, conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Institute of Research in Reproductive Health (NIRRH), found a higher frequency of severe Covid-19 and intensive care admissions among pregnant women and more maternal deaths between February and May 2021 compared with the same period in 2020.

According to UNICEF, in the last two decades India has reduced its stillbirth rate by 53% – from 29.6 per 1000 live births to 13.9 between 2000 and 2019. However, the pandemic threatens to reverse these gains.

The number of stillbirths among mothers infected with Covid-19 doubled during the second wave of the pandemic. According to UNICEF figures, there were 34 stillbirths per 1000 live births between February 2021 and May 2021 compared with the first wave that saw 15 per 1000 live births between April 2020 and January 2021. Both years the number of such deaths were significantly higher than the 13.9 recorded in 2019.

According to a global study published in JAMA Paediatrics in April this year, women with Covid-19 during pregnancy were 50% more likely to experience premature birth and pre-eclampsia, and require intensive care. The risk of maternal mortality was 22 times higher than those without Covid.

While the link between Covid infection and stillbirths is still being investigated the pandemic has certainly contributed by disrupting access to maternal care for pregnant women. It is believed that poor access to healthcare during the pandemic could have led to increases in stillbirth. WHO recommends at least eight prenatal check-ups, one ultrasound before 24 weeks of pregnancy, and daily intake of iron and folic acid supplements to prevent stillbirth.

All these were disrupted by lockdowns and the severe strain on the medical system. Several of the central and state government schemes for pregnant women that guarantee a minimum package of antenatal care services to women and access to nutrition were shut down during the pandemic period.

Another major factor behind increasing stillbirth cases has been the poor nutrition status of women due to loss of income of families. Over 77% of Indian households were consuming less food in 2020 during the pandemic and lockdown than before and food insecurity was higher among women, according to a report by Azim Premji University based on a survey on 5000 workers across the various sectors. Indian women’s dietary diversity declined during the lockdown of 2020 compared with the same period in 2019 showing decreased consumption of meat, eggs, vegetables, and fruit.

Apart from mothers, young children also have been deprived of regular nutrition during the Covid pandemic. At the national level, in November last year, the Ministry of Women and Child Development acknowledged that more than 33 lakh children in India were malnourished. More than half of these children were found to be in the severely malnourished category.

According to the report of the ministry, Maharashtra, Bihar and Gujarat top the states which have the highest number of malnourished children. Maharashtra recorded the highest number of malnourished children i.e. 6.16 lakh.

The problem is not confined to Maharashtra alone. According to the National Family Health Survey 2019-2021, there has been no significant improvement in health and nutrition status across India since 2015-2016. India has been ranked 101 out of 116 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2021, up from 94 in 2020.

Instead of calling social welfare schemes ‘freebies’, as the Indian Prime Minister recently did, what many Indians need is even greater state investments to combat hunger and malnutrition – to save the lives of both unborn children and infants. (C-Counter Currents)

The author has been continuously reporting on the economic, social, and health impacts of rural life during the Corona pandemic.

The post Malnutrition – Improving survival and well-being appeared first on Daily Good Morning Kashmir.

   

Corruption

Corruption, Causes, and Consequences

The Mahatma’s vision of a strong and prosperous India – Poorna Swaraj – can never become a reality if we do not address the issue of corruption’s hold on our politics, economy, and society in general. Governance is undoubtedly the weak link in our quest for prosperity and equity. Eradication of corruption is not only a moral imperative but an economic necessity for a nation that aspires to catch up with the rest of the world, writes Priyanka Saurabh

In his swatantrata Diwas address, the Prime Minister made a scathing attack against the twin challenges of corruption and nepotism and said that if not addressed in time, they could become a bigger challenge. What is corruption? Corruption is dishonest behavior by people in positions of power. In this people abuse their power and they can be related to individuals or businesses or organizations like governments. Corruption includes a wide range of actions, such as giving or accepting bribes or improper gifts, double-dealing, and defrauding investors. India was ranked 85 out of 180 countries in the Corruption Perceptions Index 2021.

However, the paradox of India is that, despite the cautious press and public opinion, the level of corruption remains exceptionally high. This can be attributed to extreme insensitivity, lack of shame, and lack of sense of public morality on the part of bribe-takers. Unfortunately for India, discipline is fast disappearing from public life, and without discipline, as pointed out by Scandinavian economist-sociologist, Gunnar Myrdal, no real progress is possible. Discipline refers to, inter alia, a sense of public and private morality and integrity.

While in the west a person who rises to positions of high authority develops more respect for the laws, the opposite is true in our country. Here, a person in a high position is characterized by the ease with which he can ignore laws and regulations. We are being influenced by a culture of indiscipline and untruth; Morality, both public and private, is at a premium.

A troubling aspect was that society’s attitude towards corruption was also changing. A few decades ago a corrupt and immoral person was removed from office. But now their presence was not only tolerated, it was considered normal. When corrupt people go to jail now their followers show great mourning and when they come out of jail there is a celebration and distribution of sweets.

Corruption has a disproportionate impact on the poor and most vulnerable, increasing costs and reducing access to services including health, education, and justice. Corruption erodes trust in government and undermines the social contract. This is a cause for concern worldwide, but especially in the context of fragility and violence, as corruption fuels and perpetuates inequalities and discontent that lead to fragility, violent extremism, and conflict. Therefore all forms of corruption must be rooted out for a “Self-reliant India”.

Corruption in our country is not going on today but for many centuries and it is increasing day by day, due to which the condition of our country is getting worse. The Misuse of a person sitting in a particular position is called corruption. Such people take advantage of their position and indulge in black marketing, embezzlement, bribery, etc., due to which every section of our country is affected by corruption. Due to this, the economic progress of our country is also harmed. Corruption is like a termite that is slowly hollowing out our country.

Today in our country, corruption is rampant in every government office, non-government office, and politics, due to which the common man is very upset. We have to reduce it by raising our voices against it soon, otherwise, our whole nation will fall prey to corruption.

Priyanka Saurabh is a Research Scholar in Political Science. She can be mailed at goonjtachaupal@gmail.com

Digital Rupee Bitcoin

Digital Rupee seems to be a too Ambitious Project

India’s much-awaited Digital Rupee currency (e-Rupee) was launched in the country a few days back. Its wholesale segment commenced from November 1, 2022, and Retail on December 1, 2022. In one way it is a very important historical event and in another, it is a minor one.

Minor thing is that the digital transaction of rupees and paisas is no longer a novelty for us. E-Rupee (Central Bank Digital Currency, CBDC) has just started, but for the past few years, we have been paying and receiving money digitally by scanning QR codes, phone numbers or online transfers without taking money out of our pockets. In short, e-Rupee is just a new step in the journey of the digital economy. In that way, it is a small step.

But this matter is historical in two ways. The first thing is that we are ahead of the developed countries of the West, including the US, in implementing such a government-official digital currency. Those countries are still considering the possibility of digital currency, while we have implemented it. Another thing is that what seems to be a small step at the moment can have such a huge impact in the future that after a few decades or centuries from now currency notes and coins may completely disappear in India. Then there will be only e-Rs. If that happens, the people of that time will show off today’s notes and coins as collector’s items. Given all these possibilities, the launch of e-currency can be considered a very important historical moment.

The basic point in the whole thing is why the need for e-currency?

Cryptocurrency is the real reason why countries around the world are feeling pressure to launch digital currencies. Private currencies like Bitcoin are gaining popularity around the world. Digital currencies came early as cryptocurrencies became popular. If cryptocurrencies did not exist, it is possible that the era of official digital currencies would have either never started or would have started very late, because even without digital currencies, people would have already adopted digital transactions.

Governments around the world are wary of cryptocurrencies. They thought private currencies would compete with our official (paper-coined) currencies and we’d just sit on our hands? If people love cryptocurrencies so much, why doesn’t the government itself issue its own, government-controlled, secure digital currency as an alternative to private and risky cryptocurrencies without all these government controls? correct. must be released. The matter is about protecting people’s money. So control is necessary.

However, the game of control is two-sided. On the one hand, it is a fact that official currencies are tightly controlled by the country’s central bank, such as our Reserve Bank of India, and private currencies such as Bitcoin are largely unregulated by the government. On the other hand, there is also the fact that ultimately the Reserve Bank can increase or decrease the e-Rupee (or simple coin-note currency) as it sees fit, keeping in mind the need and interest of the country, but the volume of private cryptocurrencies does not fluctuate. E.g. Since the launch of the private cryptocurrency Bitcoin in 2009, it was certain that it has a total of 2.1 million and will continue to be mined slowly as if digging gold out of a mine. Due to mining in this way, only twenty lakh bitcoins are left to be mined and put in the market as of today, and approximately by 2040, all in all, 2.1 crore bitcoins will be put in the market.

In this way, private cryptocurrencies are more regulated than government digital currencies, as they are not allowed to increase, governments and central banks can increase the amount of currency on their own when they feel it necessary.

What do you think, where did the dollars that were given to all citizens for free in America, following the outbreak of Corona, come from? The simple yet correct answer to this question is: from the air.

Private cryptocurrencies claim that we do not create money out of thin air. However, in my last Sunday article, I talked about how a 29-year-old young man named Sam Bankman-Fried blew a big hole in this claim and how his crypto exchange called FTX collapsed due to FTT (Fungible Trading Tokens) ‘spawned out of thin air’.

Given this case, the claim that the number of private cryptocurrencies is limited and this self-regulation makes it ‘well mannered’ cannot be just taken for granted. It has been proven that even private currencies can, and do, fluctuate a lot in private.

So overall, the game of controls on currencies is very difficult.

The names and forms of currencies are pompous. But if the whole issue of currency is to be understood in a very simple way, then just note that what matters is the real metal, not the name-form. According to that account, the real currencies are gold, silver, oil, grains and all such solid commodities, which cannot be created out of thin air and over which the control of ‘nature’ is there which is the government of all the governments. Control of nature is most true and so, since ages mankind has been crazy about ‘gold’ which was like a universally accepted precious commodity or medium of exchange or parameter of wealth. Economics which is aligned with nature will sustain otherwise we’ve seen empires collapsing through liquidation riding over inflation and deflation.

 

Kalpesh has a rich experience of 10 years of handling and leading various projects. He is an independent freelancer associated with Academic Institutions and Social Organizations. He can be mailed at kalpeshsavan@gmail.com

The post Ambitious Digital Rupee appeared first on Daily Good Morning Kashmir.

India’s much-awaited Digital Rupee currency (e-Rupee) was launched in the country a few days back. Its wholesale segment commenced from November 1, 2022, and Retail on December 1, 2022. In one way it is a very important historical event and in another, it is a minor one. Minor thing is that the digital transaction of
The post Ambitious Digital Rupee appeared first on Daily Good Morning Kashmir. Opinion, Ambitious, Digital, Good Morning Kashmir, Rupee  

Bitcoin NFT
Repo Rate 23423

Experts’ Reaction To Repo Rate Hike: RBI’s Move To Balance Inflation

RBI has announced a hike in Repo rates for the fifth consecutive time. The difference this time accounts for 35 bps, leading the interest rate from 5.90 to 6.25. RBI has been announcing minimum possible increases in repo rate for the last few months in order to curb the inflation that the country is facing due to global trends. The reasons for increasing rates are the war at trade routes, global recession, increasing prices of raw material costs and various other factors that lead to a direct and indirect hike in prices. Though this hike will impact the home loan interest rates to score higher, the real estate market is expected to stay robust as the sector is believed to offer prominent returns on investment as compared to other industries.

Reserve bank of india raises repo rate by 50 bps continues withdrawal of accommodative stance

The 35 bps repo rate hike will have a prominent impact on loan borrowings, which have witnessed a healthy demand this year. The inflation rates are also taming and we expected that there would be no further hikes as it would cause a dent in the real estate, which has marked a great improvement this year. For the momentum to continue, there needs to be stable loan borrowing rates for investors’ benefit, the consistently increasing repo rates could dampen the outflow of money that is being invested in real estate spaces,” said Mr. Sumit Agarwal, Director, Sales & Leasing, Bhutani Grandthum.

Mr. Uddhav Poddar, MD, Bhumika Group, said, “With inflation taming down, we were hopeful of no more rate hikes. The present hike in repo rate is beyond the comfort level of the real estate sector. The 0.35% hike will take the repo rate from 5.9% to 6.25% taking the home loan interest rates upwards of 9%. It will increase the cost of servicing loans and for new buyers also increase the cost of real estate. We can only hope that the situation improves and that it turns out to be the last hike.”

RBI’s step to increase the repo rates by 35 basis points has created a little tough situation for investors as it will bring a hike in loan interest rates. Though it can be dealt with after some time as residential projects have been in massive demand for quite some time now, housing prices will undergo a hike as a result of this announcement. This will somehow be helpful for the realtors to deal with the rising input costs but cost adversely to the homebuyers. The effort by the RBI to reduce inflation is entirely reasonable, but prices for real estate developments will undoubtedly rise in the near future,” said Mr. Salil Kumar, Director – Marketing & Business Management, CRC Group.

The repo rate and the reverse repo rate are continually adjusted by RBI in response to shifting macroeconomic circumstances. All economic sectors are impacted each time the RBI modifies interest rates, albeit in different ways. Some market segments profit from the rate increase while others suffer. Even if this move was designed solely to fight inflation, India may endure economic stagnation by the conclusion of the upcoming fiscal year. This, however, might only happen if the inflation-growth scenario remains the same.

Mr. Prateek Mittal, IIT Alumni, Executive Director, Sushma Group, said, “A marginal 35 basis point increase in the repo rate is hardly going to make any difference. The current total repo rate is only slightly higher than the pre-pandemic levels, and therefore, We don’t see it making any impact on the real estate sector. However, in case the hike ends up achieving the RBI’s stated objective of curtailing inflation, it will definitely be good for the country’s economy. And what is good for the economy will also leave a positive impact on the sector.”

Mr. Ansh Batra, Director, Buniyad Group, said “The repo rate hike was inevitable but this time RBI has taken a relatively moderate approach by raising it by 35bps which now stands at 6.25 per cent. Earlier, there was an upsurge of 50 basis points in the preceding RBI MPC meetings. Though the approaching intention is correct to ease the inflationary effects which continue to stifle the economy, a proper mechanism needs to be developed to oversee the aftereffects of the hikes, has it been able to achieve the end goals, and how is it impacting the real estate markets. The luxury won’t be affected that much. But the mid-housing markets can be seriously impacted as buyers of the segment would again see increased costs of borrowings and loans. It can further diminish the affordability levels of affordable housing homes.

Harvinder Sikka, MD, Sikka Group, said, “RBI raises repo rate by 35bps to 6.25%, although the industry was expecting RBI to remain repo rate to the same. The hike is minimal, we believe that the market would get accustomed to it quite soon. RBI’s move to curb inflation will somehow definitely cost the economic class of society as this would lead to an increase in the price of projects. Loan interest rates are also set to increase, but the real estate sector is expected to be strong and stable. The demand for residential projects is expected to grow. We believe that the residential segment has been doing exceptionally well in the recent past and it will remain the same in approaching months, as efficient projects await buyers.”

Existing borrowers may see an increase in EMIs when banks hike interest rates, which will lessen their enthusiasm for buying a home. All loans kinds, including mortgages, auto loans, student loans, personal loans, business loans, credit cards, and anything else along those lines are impacted by the RBI rate increase. Any rate increase has an impact on consumers since it makes it more expensive to borrow money from commercial banks. The average person is discouraged from making unnecessary purchases as a result of greater borrowing costs, which also results in lower consumption of goods and services. This has a significant impact on the supply and demand chains as a result.

This is the fifth consecutive rate increase in the last eight months. The 0.35% upsurge raises the repo rate from 5.9% to 6.25%, elevating home loan interest rates to 9%. The current increase in repo rates is beyond the real estate sectors comfort zone. Even though we understand the RBIs concerns, we can only hope that conditions improve, eradicating the need for further hikes,” said Mr. LC Mittal, Director, Motia Group.

Indians prioritise owning a home, and demand for housing has changed from small homes in metro areas to larger homes in the suburbs. Small homeowners demand for homes is hence anticipated to remain strong despite increasing mortgage rates.

 

fortified food 3234AA

Food fortification the new panacea for nutritional deficiencies?

Food fortification refers to the intentional addition of one or more micronutrients to foods to correct or prevent deficiencies in these nutrients and to provide health benefits. But through this only one micronutrient, there may be an increase in the concentration of the element (eg iodization of salt) or there may be a whole range of food-micronutrient combinations, writes Dr. Satyawan Saurabh

Fortification is not a replacement for a balanced and varied diet to address the problem of malnutrition. It is the addition of key vitamins and minerals, such as iron, iodine, zinc, and vitamins A and D, to staple foods such as rice, milk, and salt, It is in order to improve their nutritional content. Some nutrient-rich foods can be expensive. eg. Fish is a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, but it can be very expensive to buy regularly. Eggs, milk, and other products can be fortified with omega-3 fatty acids. These products often cost less and yet have the same nutritional value.

As per the National Family Health Survey-5 data, every second Indian woman is anemic, every third child is stunted and malnourished, and every fifth child is wasted. Folic acid is added to many fortified products. It lowers the risk of birth defects during pregnancy. It does not change the characteristics of the food such as taste, aroma, or texture of the food. It can be implemented quickly as well as can show health-improving results in a relatively short period. Because nutrients are added to staple foods that are widely consumed, fortification is an excellent way to improve the health of a large segment of the population, including those who are economically disadvantaged and have access to safe and nutritious food. Not there.

It is a socio-culturally acceptable way of delivering nutrients to people as it does not require any change in eating habits or behavior. Food fortification, according to nutrition veterans, is a cost-effective supplement strategy to address deficiencies in many micronutrients. Careful intervention is the key to the issue of malnutrition that the country continues to grapple with.

Control of micronutrient deficiencies is an essential part of the overall effort to fight hunger and malnutrition. India is implementing a variety of strategies to address anemia and micronutrient deficiencies, including iron-folic acid supplementation, vitamin A supplementation, nutritional health education to encourage dietary diversity, and others. However, the level of anemia remains high. Therefore, there is a need to introduce strategies like food fortification that are evidence-based, tried, and tested in other parts of the world, said Bishop Parjuli, country director of the World Food Programme.

Fortified foods are also better at reducing the risk of many deficiencies that can result from seasonal shortages in the food supply or a poor-quality diet. These are essential for the growth and development of children as well as for women of fertile age, who are required during pregnancy and lactation with adequate nutrients. Fortification can be an excellent way to increase the number of vitamins in breast milk and thus reduce the need for supplementation in postpartum women and infants.

The objective of food fortification is to improve the nutritional quality of the food grains supplied and provide health benefits to consumers with minimum risk. It is a proven, safe, and cost-effective strategy to improve diet and prevent micronutrient deficiencies.

Is food fortification the new panacea for nutritional deficiencies? This is not a miracle solution for nutritional security. But some have been touting fortification as a miracle cure for anemia and nutritional problems based on experience. It is a clinical approach. It cannot and should not be implemented on a large scale.

Courtesy: Good Morning Kashmir

  • The author is a Research scholar, poet, and freelance journalist.
safe roads 4234

Issue of Road Safety and the Environmental sustainability

Toxic metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium, or hexavalent chromium are used in vehicle manufacturing, and these are harmful to the environment. Looking at the environmental impact of vehicle accidents, Fuel and fluid leakage at accident sites and serious road accidents causes grave negative impact, writes Priyanka Saurabh

After the road calamity, the vehicles becomes unusable with end of end-of-life. Many governments around the world have reduced speed limits to prevent accidents and reduce air pollution. Many other options have emerged, like Zero-fatality corridor solution In India, the Zero-fatality corridor solution for road safety by Save Life Foundation (SLF). These solutions focus on the environmental sustainability seriously.

safe raods environment safety viewswall

In 2021, India reported total of 4,03,116 accidents. Each of these adversely affected the environment in different ways and to the varying degrees. It concerns us beause roads are the leading mode of transport in terms of share in overall traffic and contribution to the national economy. The expansion of road networks, motorization, and urbanization has further complicated the probem and has led to an increase in road accident deaths.

The major causes of road accidents, as suggested by the exper in road safety are the negligence and exposure to over-speeding, driving under the influence of alcohol, etc..Also, talking on mobile phones, and overloading to save the cost of transportation have resulted in road casualties.

Lack of awareness, neglecting the importance of safety features like airbags, anti-lock braking systems,, inadequate signaling also are the main causes of road accidents. If we talk in term of points, over-speeding is the cause of 69.3 (sixty-nine point three)% of deaths. 30.1 (thirty point one)% of the deaths occurred due to not wearing a helmet while riding a two-wheeler. About11.5 (eleven point five)% of deaths happened due to the non-use of seatbelts.

Now, looking at thel impact of vehicle accidents on environment, it is a real issue. Industril norms says that the vehicles contain toxic metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium, or hexavalent chromium. These are very harmful for the environment if left unattended. Fuel and fluid leakage at accident sites and serious road accidents caused by the automobile wreckage is another major concern.

A National Automobile Scrappage Policy was brought in 2021 by the government. This policy lacks the provision of comprehensive, systematic facilities dedicated to proper recycling for the vehicles damaged in accidents. After road accidents,vehicles are left to rot on the roadside, in landfills, or at informal recycling facilities where basic hand tools are used to destroy them unscientifically. This leads to the leakage of dangerous components such as oil, coolant, and glass wool in open. Vehicle landfills further turn into automobile cemeteries leading to a wasteful and sub-optimal land use. This results in water and soil pollution.

Studies suggest, lowering the motorway speed limit by 10 km/h could result in 12% to 18% fuel savings for current technology passenger cars and the total number of road accidents. A significant reduction in pollutant emissions from diesel vehicles, especially nitrogen oxides and particulate matter (PM) production, has resulted where the speed limit was reduced from 100 km/h to 80 km/h,

If the speed limit is kept at 96.5 (ninety-six point five) km/h it is 25% more efficient than the 120 km/h speed limit. Higher the speed, more the air resistance, hence more fuel consumption. There is another good example. The Zero-fatality Corridor (ZFC) program on the Mumbai-Pune Expressway, started way back in 2016 helped bring down road accident and resulting deaths by 52% by 2020. Also, it helped reducing the road accident deaths on this stretch by 61% by 2021.

Many governments in the world have reduced speed limits to prevent accidents and reduce air pollution. Creating green corridors to go over forests and animal tracks instead of passing through them is suggested as a viable green solution.

There are few more suggestions. Guarding natural hard structures such as trees by using crash barriers to prevent head-on collisions is one of them, Placing retro-reflective signage on trees to make them more visible to passers-by, and can help in reducing collisions. Use of aluminum composite panels instead of asbestos to manufacture signage can reduce polluting materials. And finally, the Safe roads and a sustainable environment can be ensured only with the combined efforts of road-owning agencies, enforcement officials, and the public together.

  • Priyanka Saurabh is a Research Scholar. She is pursuing research in the feild of Political Science. She can be reached at priyankasaurabh9416@gmail.com
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Delhi Riots Hassan Kazim

Justice delayed and Justice Denied, just because they are Muslims!

The Karkardooma District Court of Delhi has acquitted both Umar Khalid and Khalid Saifi in the northeast Delhi riots case. It should be remembered that the same court had denied Umar bail in March 2002, writes Syed Hassan Kazim

The FIR in the case was registered on the basis of the false statement of Constable Sangram Singh who said a “riotous mob” had pelted stones on Main Karawal Nagar Road, besides setting ablaze several vehicles in a nearby parking lot on February 24, 2020. Though Umar will have to remain in jail because the Delhi high court has denied him bail in the UAPA case.

All just because of their religion and thought, without giving any punishment is such a shame which no any flag could ever be able to cover. And then there is a bigger shame of the #UAPA case in which the #DelhiHighCourt didn’t give bail to Umar because of which he will have to remain in jail.

Indeed it’s an occasion to be glad that Umar Khalid and Khalid Saifi have been acquitted in the #DelhiRiotsCase. Though they deserved this, but at the same time the courts letting loose those criminals in uniform who fabricate fake charges against people of conscience like Umar, Sharjeel Imam, Khalid, Meeran Haider, Gulfishan Fatima.

This is nothing but torture of an individual because of the communal bias of many institutions around led by the society and state. More power to Umar, Khalid, Sharjeel, Gulfishan, Meeran and all, in fact, everyone who is in the line of fire of a communal state. By the way, which court of justice will give these people their lost days back just because somewhere, someone sitting at the top wanted them to be in jail to satisfy the collective conscience of a biased, communal mass?

The uniformed criminals who charged these conscience keepers in fake cases will now be on a prowl to arrest some other #Muslim youths on fake terror charges to ruin their lives and that of their families, in the name of nation and religion.

  • This article appeared on the Facebbok and has been curated by the VW Desk.
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WHO) a disabled person 23423

Int’l Day of Persons with Disabilities: Disability not a barrier

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) a disabled person is anyone who has “a problem in body function or structure, an activity limitation, has a difficulty in executing a task or action; with a participation restriction”. The annual observance of the “International Day of Persons with Disabilities” observed on 3rd December, was proclaimed in 1992, by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 47/3. The observance of the Day aims to promote an understanding of disability issues and mobilize support for the dignity, rights and well-being of persons with disabilities. As per WHO report over 1 billion people are estimated to experience disability. This corresponds to about 15% of the world’s population, with up to 190 million (3.8%) people aged 15 years and older having significant difficulties in functioning, often requiring health care and other services.

Disability need not be an obstacle to success. As Stephen Hawking said, “Disability need not be an obstacle to success”. They are storehouses of talent and they can achieve and are achieving their goals. They are capable of doing all the tasks as a normal persons can do; it is just that they have their own way of doing it. Their capabilities should not be undermined in any way. With the correct advice and guidance by mentors, even they can prove that they are more competent in comparison to some of the other normal persons. This world has lived to see many examples of great legends who despite being handicapped were a great gift to mankind. For e.g. the father of modern science, Stephen Hawking. He is one of the greatest scientists the world has ever known. It is actually very astonishing for a man to be paralyzed and wheel-chair rider and being called a one of the greatest scientists of all times. There are sports persons with disabilities in our country who achieved greatness despite all the odds against them.

They, defiling all the odds have proved that ‘Where there is a will, there is a way.’ Chandeep Singh became the first Para Athlete from Jammu and Kashmir to achieve such a feat at the World level. This also is India’s first-ever medal in the history of the Para World Taekwondo Championships. He created history by claiming a silver medal in Men’s plus 80 kg event at the 9th Para World Taekwondo Championships held at Istanbul, Turkey from 9th to 12th December 2021. Captain of the Jammu and Kashmir para cricket team Amir Hussain Lone has been picked to represent India at the international level, making him a para cricket player from Kashmir to bag the honour. Two Kashmiri youth, Nayeem Ahmad Mall and Ferroz Ahmad Ganie got selected for the international disabled cricket team of India in 2021.

On one side Arunima Sinha of UP has been the first woman amputee to climb Mount Everest. In 2011, she lost her leg when she was pushed out of a moving train by a gang of robbers. With a firm determination and persistence, two years later she became the first Indian woman amputee to have climbed Mount Everest. She also went climbing Kilimanjaro in Africa, Elbrus in Europe. On other side para sports persons from J&K like Ishrat Akhter and Insha Bashir award-winning international wheelchair basketball player inspires scores of youth especially the ones with physical disabilities. Mohd Nadeem, Jagmohan Singh, Nikhal Manhas, Yawar Mubarak, Majid Ahmad, Vivek, Firdous Ahmad, Ayaz Ahmad,Ravi Kumar, Vasihno Dev, Waseem, Amir, Zahoor Ahmad, Manzoor, Zafar, Syed Shah Aziz, Aqib Nisar Malik and Shahid are the cricketers of J&K team having disabilities. 25-year-old Rakshinda served as a key participant from India in the judo team at the 24th Deaflympics. Rakshinda, a deaf by birth, has won at least 13 gold medals in judo competitions at the national and state levels already and had the honour of being named Best Judoka at the Deaf National Judo Championships in Lucknow in 2021.

Rajinder Singh has been stuck in a wheelchair for the last 22 years due to Spinal Cord Injury. Despite not being able to walk, Rajinder Singh has kept himself active in sports and social activities. Bringing laurels, the special Para-athlete Rajinder Singh has bagged a gold medal for J&K in the National Boccia Championship. Born without hands (phocomelia), Sheetal, the 15-year-old, showed strong belief in herself, despite being able to shoot an arrow with only her foot. The trainee of Jammu-based Mata Vaishnodevi Archery Academy left everyone shocked with her performances. She is the world’s first para female archer who is armless and shoots using her feet. Mohd Azeem of Cricket Association for Blind Jammu and Kashmir (CABJK) has been selected in top 29 players for India Camp scheduled to pick the players for representing the country in the forthcoming prestigious 3rd T20 World Cup for visually impaired.

These are just the expamples but the names to count are numerious and shall be highlighted in future writeups. People with disabilities don’t need any of our sympathy. What they need is love, affection, trust, responsibility and acceptability. They should not be alienated from the society just because they are especially abled. Their hands should be held and they should be given all the love in the world. Shunning them out is not the correct way. Accept them as they are and make friends with them. They are created by the Almighty and so are to acknowledged and given their rightful place in the society.

A bend in the road is not the end of the road. Unless you fail to make the turn.

– Helen Keller

M Ahmad is a regular writer for Good Morning Kashmir. He can be reached at specialachivers78@gmail.com

The post Int’l Day of Persons with Disabilities: Disability not a barrier appeared first on Daily Good Morning Kashmir.

The tragic emotions 545g

The tragic emotions

It was raining heavily in the early morning and I was supposed to get dressed up to meet her. As I was very anxious to see her after the gap of almost one decade. What happened next? Read the narration by Ejaz Mir

Suddenly, my sister asked me to stop for a while. The overcast conditions of the bad weather didn’t allow me to went outdoors. So I had to stop myself indoors, waiting badly for the improvement of the weather. The restlessness and anxiety to see her face was pinching my soul and my heartbeat started to grow much faster than normal. Now, even a matter of seconds in her wait seemed to me the decades and generations gape time.

The TRagic Emotions 4234

I was lost in the world of imagination and my senses tried to recollect her decade-before memories. Her behavior was soft, fragile, humorous, and full of fun. She was not at all a reserved and introverted girl. Her adorable conversation and sense of humor was famous in our native village. So, all the people used to call her talkative Princess.

Lost in her memories, my sister knocked on the door of my room and asked me, “Baiya rain has stopped now.” Listening to her loud voice, I was jerked and came to my actual senses. I left my room hurriedly and went outside and to my utter surprise, I saw the bright sunshine in the sky. It was so bright outside and I was overjoyed because I tried to recall the hopeful memories of the past and was relating them with the shining sun. It was about 11 am when I left for the railway station to receive her. Meanwhile, I booked an auto rickshaw and started my journey. I was dressed up in beautiful attire and the fragrance of scent on my clothes seemed to spread in the air. I was so happy, with half smile on my face. The driver was noticing my facial expressions and asked me, “I think, you are in love?” I got puzzled and tried to avoid his question looking here and there. But finally, I replied ” Uncle, no, no..! Meanwhile, I tried to react very smartly and asked the driver, “had he ever been in love?” The rickshaw driver laughed at me and replied with both yes and no! It surprised me and I objected, “What do you mean by yes and no?” He said that by yes he means that he fell in love and no meant he couldn’t marry her. I saw tears in his eyes while he was about to complete his talk. He further replied, ” Dear! love is a beggar, it can know any door but sometimes none of the doors opens.” The brief conversation with him shakedown my heart and left me in a tattered condition and emotionally broken down.

I was shivering now and started to feel hapless. The hope of despair and sadness overshadowed me. The severe gloom started to overlap me. I felt depressed and dejected now. The brief conversation with the driver took me into the valley of the abyss. Suddenly he called out for me and asked for the rent. I came into my actual consciousness and found that the railway station has already arrived. I paid the rent and thanked him, half-heartedly. When I started to walk through the lane of the railway station, suddenly about 20 feet away, my eyes caught the sight of a beautiful girl. In a gip, I started to run at my fullest speed. When I reached her, she looked at me with her eyes full of tears. I stared at her and a tall handsome young man by her side and a little girl.?

The earth began to shake beneath my feet and befallen crests on my head, I recalled the exact words of the rickshaw driver. “Love is a beggar, it can knock on any door”. I cried but not a single tear happened to fill my eyes. Perhaps, it was because of ever happened setback to me. The incident filled me with ultimate trauma, dejection, depression, and hopelessness. The love, for whom I treated my ultimate happiness slides away from me forever. I opened my eyes from the dream, asking her,” she is my ultimate beloved!”

To be honest, I felt that someway down the line, there are many such love stories. But as a writer, I have touched on the emotional part of it. True love is a real blessing. It never ends and has a severe impact on our lives. It may be in any form, even sometimes it may be the attachment to our pet animals also. True love and real emotions are going to be the toughest part and aspects of our life. But whosoever gets affiliated with its sweetest nature will never deny or denounce it. That is why it is said that man can’t live in isolation.

To live a meaningful and purposeful life one should know the essence of true love. In many instances, cooperation and compromises are the core solution to save the relationships. True love is unconditional and its goodness can be determined in the form of care and sympathy. The basis of true love is to respect the feelings of one another. The showcase of anger can cause damage to true lovers. Feeling the pain, enjoying the happy moments, and sharing the joy and tears with one another is the essence of true love. As a writer, I came to the conclusion that even a bit sort of attachment and feelings in the core friendship is also rejoiced and overlapped with true love. Love does not love that finds alteration! True love never ends!

The author can be reached at eijazmir2192@gmail.com

The post The tragic emotions appeared first on Daily Good Morning Kashmir.

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